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Estimate: $ 1,500 - $ 2,500
(BLACK RADICALISM.) [GARVEY, MARCUS] MCGUIRE, REV. GEORGE ALEXANDER. The Universal Negro Catechism, a Course of Instruction in Religious and Historical Knowledge Pertaining to the Race. 36 pages. Small 12mo, original printed pale green card covers, very slightly faded. New York: U.N.I A., 1921
first and only edition. rare. oclc locating only 3 copies. This little booklet was compiled by one of Garvey's close associates and one of the UNIA's most zealous ideologues. George Alexander McGuire (1866-1934) bishop and co-founder of the African Orthodox Church, was chaplain-general of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Born on March 26, 1866 at Sweets, Antigua, in the Caribbean, he was educated in the local school system, then at the Antigua branch of Mico College for teachers and at the Moravian Miskey Seminary in the Danish West Indies. From 1888 to 1894 McGuire was pastor of a Moravian Church in the Danish West Indies. From 1905 to 1909 McGuire worked with colored laborers in Arkansas, but returned to the West Indies in 1910. In 1918, McGuire came to the U.S. and joined with Marcus Garvey. On September 2, 1921 Marcus Garvey created the African Orthodox Church and appointed McGuire as bishop. The church, based on traditional Catholic doctrines, was open to all but under complete black leadership and control. McGuire declared to his followers: "You must forget the white gods. Erase the white gods from your hearts. We must go back to the native church, to our own true God."
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