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THE VOTES FOR THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT (CIVIL RIGHTS--NAACP.) MITCHELL, CLARENCE. The original tally of the votes, for and against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as taken on the floor of the Senate, with a Typed Note Signed from Senator Claiborne Pell (Rhode Island), presenting the document to Clarence Mitchell. Two long folio pages of the actual votes, and one single 8vo page on U.S. Senate letterhead. All three documents have been mounted on a wooden plaque and laminated. June 17; 24, 1964
the original copy of the votes for the 1964 civil rights act, as they were recorded on the floor of the u.s. senate on june 19, 1964, signed by lee metcalf, the presiding officer and senator from montana. Accompanied by a typed note, bearing a warm presentation from Senator Claiborne Pell, Senator from Rhode Island to Clarence Mitchell, Director of the Washington D.C. Bureau of the NAACP: "Knowing your interest in Civil Rights, I thought you might like as a souvenir, this dated tally score of the passage of 'The Civil Rights Bill' Sincerely, Claiborne Pell." The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of legislation that outlawed all major forms of discrimination against blacks and women, including racial segregation. It ended unequal voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace, and by facilities that served the general public ("public accommodations"). Powers given to enforce the act were initially weak, but were supplemented during later years. Congress asserted its authority to legislate under several different parts of the United States Constitution, principally its power to regulate interstate commerce under Article One (section 8), its duty to guarantee all citizens equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment, and its duty to protect voting rights under the Fifteenth Amendment. The Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who would later sign the landmark Voting Rights Act into law.
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