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Estimate: $ 8,000 - $ 12,000
(MEXICAN IMPRINT--1578.) Toledo, Francisco de. Introductio in Dialecticam Aristotelis. 171 leaves (lacking the 50-leaf appendix and 4-leaf index). 8vo, contemporary vellum, worn, lacking much of backstrip, coming detached from text block; lacking endpapers, moderate edge wear, moderate dampstaining, a few leaves coming detached, early adhesive stains to inner margins of some gatherings, substantial early manuscript notes; marcas de fuego to all three edges, one reading "SDOMNGO" attributed to Convento Dominico de San Miguel y los Santos Ángeles de Puebla (BJML-4012). Mexico: Antonio Ricardo, 1578
first mexican edition of a work first published in Rome in 1561. The author was a Spanish Jesuit, the first Jesuit to be made a cardinal. This commentary on Aristotle is believed to be the first work by a Jesuit to be published in New Spain (see Backer-Sommervogel, page 8:65). Antonio Ricardo is here granted the exclusive rights to publish works for the Jesuit's college in Mexico, San Pedro y San Pablo. Ricardo, the fifth printer in Mexico's history, soon became the first printer in South America when he relocated to Lima at the Jesuits' request. (Woodbridge, pages 21-22, 41-42). In addition to a woodcut Jesuit device on the title page, this book features woodcut diagrams on leaves 82v, 84v, 87, 89v, 95v, 123, and 123v. This work was issued with a 50-leaf appendix titled "Reverendi Do. Francisci Maurolyci, Abbatis Messanensis, atque mathematici celeberrimi. De Sphaera. Liber unus," not present here. None known at auction since 1906, and only 4 copies in OCLC--three of them incomplete. Garcia Icazbalceta 80; Medina, Mexico I:86b; Palau 333067; Sabin 96108; Wagner, Mexican Imprints in the Huntington Library 80. with--a defective second copy of the same work, lacking 4 leaves from the main section including the title page, but including most of the "De Sphaera" appendix which the first copy lacks.