Feb 21, 2008 - Sale 2137

Sale 2137 - Lot 266

Price Realized: $ 3,600
?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 3,500 - $ 5,000
AN EXTRAORDINARY BROADSIDE GENERAL ORDER (MILITARY.) TROWBRIDGE, LT-COL. C. T. COMMANDING REGIMENT. Headquarters 33d. U.S.C.T. Late 1st So. Carolina Volunteers. Morris Island, S.C., Feb. 9, 1866. General Orders No. 1. "Comrades: The hour is at hand when we must separate for ever, and nothing can ever take from us the pride we feel, when we look back upon the history of the 1st South Carolina Volunteers--the first black regiment that ever bore arms in defense of freedom on the continent of America." Broadside, 14x17 inches; creases where folded; some wear at the conjunction of folds with no loss of paper or text; docketed by hand on the reverse, with the phrase "Court Marshal, Military Commission," written several times. Morris Island, S.C., 1866

Additional Details

The First South Carolina Volunteers was a Union Army regiment raised during the American Civil War. It was composed of escaped slaves from South Carolina and Florida. There had been previous attempts to form black units in New Orleans and Kansas, but they were not officially recognized. The regiment was a step in the evolution of Union thinking towards the escaped slaves who crossed their lines. Initially they were returned to their owners. Next they were considered "contrabands" and used as laborers. Finally the legal fiction that they were property was abandoned and they were allowed to enlist in the Army, although in segregated units commanded by white officers.