Mar 21, 2013 - Sale 2308

Sale 2308 - Lot 34

Price Realized: $ 16,800
?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 3,000 - $ 4,000
(SLAVERY AND ABOLITION.) FRANKLIN AND ARMFIELD, SLAVE DEALERS. Manuscript ship's manifest for 92 slaves, with a signed, sworn statement by John Armfield, the ship's co-owner and Joseph Moore, ship's master, to the effect that the slaves were not imported into the U.S. after January 1st, 1808. Large folio leaf, folded to form four pages, written on all sides; creases where folded. Signed additionally by the Port of Alexandria's Collector. Port of Alexandria, Virginia, October, 1833

Additional Details

a rare ship's manifest of "negroes, mulattos and persons of color," with a lengthy statement regarding the legality of the slaves on board, signed by John armfield of franklin & armfield, one of the nation's largest slave dealers. The document is also signed by Joseph C. Moore, captain of the ship "Uncas." There follows a very detailed list of all 92 persons on board, their full Christian names, height, weight and complexion. They were being shipped from the port of Alexandria to Isaac Franklin in New Orleans. At the firm's peak of business, in the 1830's Franklin and Armfield sold between 1000 and 1200 slaves a year. Between 1820 and 1860, the slave trade accounted for a significant portion of the South's economy. About 650,000 people were sold across state lines; twice as many were sold locally. The slave trade enriched not only slave traders, but landlords, provisioners, physicians, insurance agents, and other small businesses in the cities and states where they were sold. Like Liverpool in England, many Southern port cities grew up and were enriched around the trade.