?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 2,500 - $ 3,500
(SLAVERY AND ABOLITION--RESTRAINTS AND PUNISHMENTS.) Pair of wrought-iron Middle-Passage shackles. overall length 14 inches; the individual cuffs 3-3/4 inches in diameter; smooth patina with oxidation consistent with age. West Africa, circa 18th century
Middle-passage shackles, as seen in the early engravings for Wilberforce's 'Abstract of the Evidence (London, 1791) and Lydia Maria Child's 'Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans called Africans.' (Boston, 1833.)
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