Nov 25, 2014 - Sale 2368

Sale 2368 - Lot 295

Price Realized: $ 5,000
?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 5,000 - $ 7,500
(TEXAS.) Azlor, José de, Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo. A petition to the king, recounting his gift of 200 cattle to Texas in 1717. 3 pages, 12 1/4 x 8 1/2 inches, on one folding sheet, with text reading "Señor: El Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo, Don Joseph de Azlor, puesto á los Reales pies de V.M. dize: Que su casa es de los Antiguos Cavalleros Mesnaderos de Aragon. . ." and printed docketing on the final blank; two stitch holes along fold; small modern bookplate on final leaf. [Madrid?], circa 1718

Additional Details

José de Azlor (d. 1734) was a Spanish nobleman who went to New Spain in 1711 to take possession of his family's massive hacienda, which covered almost half of Coahuila Province. In this petition, he asks Philip V, King of Spain, to confirm his family's title to the land. This fascinating petition recounts his family's services to the crown in great detail, starting with his great-great-great-great-grandfather's service under Hernando Cortés and continuing through numerous other exploits in New Spain.
Most notably, Azlor recounts the introduction of cattle to the neighboring frontier territory of Texas: "Queriendo poblar la de los Tejas el Virrey Marqués de Valero el año de 1717, como lo executó, le quiso comprar al Suplicante de cuenta de V.M. 200 Reses de cria, por no aver ganado mayor en aquella tierra, con que sirvió á V.M. sin querer recibir mas interés, que el grande que tuvo en servir con ellas á V.M." Texas at that point was almost uncolonized, consisting of just one presidio and one mission. When Azlor supplied 200 heads of breeding cattle to the area, it may have marked the beginning of the cattle ranching in Texas.
The Marqués would soon serve an eventful term as governor of Coahuila and Texas from 1719 to 1722, during which he established several missions in Texas and led the expedition which drove the French permanently from Texas. As none of these impressive services to the crown are mentioned in this petition, we can be confident it was issued circa 1718. Only one other copy is listed in OCLC, at Yale; not found in European Americana, Medina, Palau, or Wagner's Spanish Southwest. Provenance: sold by Argosy Bookstore to the consignor in 1980.

with--a pair of related printed decrees by Coahuila y Tejas governor Francisco Vidaurri y Villaseñor on the state confiscation of the massive Aguayo estate in in 1834. The family had gone bankrupt and sold the land to a British firm in 1825; the state's confiscation order was overturned by congress in 1835. See Haldane, Gold-Mining Boomtown, pages 11-12. Included in this lot are "El gobernador del estado de Coahuila y Tejas, a todaos sus habitantes sabed. . .," 2 pages, Monclova, 21 February 1834 "Para que tengan su puntual y debido. . .," one page, Monclova, 2 June 1834.