?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 500 - $ 750
(BUSINESS.) Illustrated business card for Iowa stockyard entrepreneur Bruce Payne, "Dehorning and Branding." Illustrated with a portrait of Payne on recto and a humorous photograph on verso, 2 x 3 1/2 inches, printed on aluminum; minor wear. Sioux City, IA, circa 1900-02
Bruce Payne (1849-1917) was a Missouri native who came to Iowa before 1881. The Sioux City directories list him mostly as a stockyard worker from 1890 to 1916, but from 1900 to 1902 he was listed as a dehorner or brander on his own account--likely the period when this card was produced. The 1900 census lists him and his son as the only African Americans in his neighborhood.
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