Feb 25, 2016 - Sale 2406

Sale 2406 - Lot 65

Price Realized: $ 81,250
?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 40,000 - $ 60,000
DOROTHEA LANGE (1895-1965)
The General Strike, Policeman. Silver print, 9 1/2x7 1/2 inches (24.1x19.1 cm.), double mounted, with Lange's Euclid Avenue hand stamp, on the secondary mount verso. 1934

Additional Details

Acquired from the family of the artist by the Houk-Friedman Gallery, New York, New York; to a Private Collector.

Dorothea Lange's early days as a documentary photographer coincided with the beginning of what would become the Great Depression. She opened a portrait studio, in Oakland, California, and recalled later seeing men wandering below her studio window, adrift and aimless. In response, she took her camera outside too. Her impulse to make images, to document the unemployed, the desperate, the affected, would never diminish.

The 1934 General Strike in San Francisco depicted here was not the first protest Lange photographed, but she made these images (and hung them in her studio) not quite knowing how or for what the images might be used. Soon, though, her photographs would begin to appear in print, first in Survey Graphic, the social welfare journal Paul Taylor, her second husband, worked for. Soon after, she would also be associated with the California Emergency Relief Administration and the Farm Security Administration. Lange's methods--open, instinctual, responsive, and intimate--created some of the most enduring and iconic images from the period. "Open yourself as wide as you can, like a piece of unexposed, sensitized material," she wrote. In turn, her photographs opened up the viewer, and still today they resonate.

This powerful photograph of a police officer reflects the social and political unease of the period. The officer appears relaxed, but his watchful authority (perhaps exemplified by his gleaming badge and partially obscured stern profile) lends a sense of tension to what is otherwise a street portrait of working men engaged in what seems to be quiet, crowded protest. The bold placards reflect bold slogans as well as the community's diverse ethnicity.

Aperture, Dorothea Lange: Photographs of a Lifetime, p. 47; Borhan, Dorothea Lange: The Heart and Mind of a Photographer, p. 79 (there titled Street Demonstration, Chinatown, San Francisco, California); Davis, The Photographs of Dorothea Lange, p. 23 (there titled and dated Street Demonstration, San Francisco, 1933); Heyman, Phillips and Szarkowski, Dorothea Lange: American Photographs, pl. 10; Keller, Dorothea Lange, Photographs from The J. Paul Getty Museum, pl. 6; Van Dyke, The Photographs of Dorothea Lange: A Critical Analysis, p. 463; Meltzer, Dorothea Lange: A Photographer's Life, p. 116; Ohru, Dorothea Lange and the Documentary Tradition, np; Partridge, Restless Spirit: The Life and Work of Dorothea Lange, p. 45.