?Final Price Realized includes Buyer’s Premium added to Hammer Price
Estimate: $ 4,000 - $ 6,000
"THE SENATE WOULD NOT HAVE RATIFIED THIS TREATY [OF INDIAN SPRINGS]" JACKSON, ANDREW. Autograph Letter Signed, as Senator, to Edward G.W. Butler, rejoicing that he survived a steamer wreck while journeying from Charleston to Savannah, remarking that recent behavior of Georgia Governor George M. Troup has been devoid of merit, criticizing the designing whites responsible for the Treaty [of Indian Springs], excusing himself by explaining that he was not in the Senate when the Treaty was ratified, noting that Col. Butler has returned from FL in good health, and conveying regards. 2 pages, tall 4to, with integral address leaf; few short separations at folds with minor loss to text. Hermitage, 25 July 1825
". . . From your letter I perceive your Southern Tour has af[f]orded you some amusement & much information--The scenes in Georgia give you a view of human nature when under the influence of party excitement, and selfish political views--The world had formed an exalted opinion of Governor Troup's talents, but I believe his late communications have shorn him of his character of high talents in public estimation . . . . No body did believe that the Indians had any intention of committing hostilities on the whites--The whole excitement was produced by designing Whitemen to draw the public attention from the means used in obtaining this fictitious Treaty-- . . . I am sure that, with the evidence now before the nation, the Senate would not have ratified this Treaty--What may be the course that will be taken will much depend on the information communicated to Congress by the President . . . . Had I been present, seeing none of the old chiefs names to it but McIntosh, I should have moved its postponement, & called for information from the President. . . ." The 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs, in which Creek lands were ceded to Georgia, was ratified by Congress in early March of that year. McIntosh and other Creek chiefs signed the Treaty despite the opposition of the Creek National Council, who ordered that anyone giving away Creek land without the consent of the Council is to be executed. In late April, McIntosh met a large group of Creek warriors who, seeing McIntosh, carried out the Council's order. Congress declared the Treaty null and void in late January of 1826. A subsequent agreement acceptable to the Creeks was ignored by Governor Troup, who deployed the state militia to enforce the removal of the Creek inhabitants.
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