JOHN ARMSTRONG, JR. Partly-printed Document Signed, "J. Armstrong," as Secretary of War, appointing John E. Calhoun captain in the 3rd regiment of riflemen. 1/2 page, 4to, with integral address leaf; folds. [Washington], 18 March 1814
John Armstrong, Jr. (1758-1843) was a Revolutionary soldier and diplomat who served as Minister to France, 1804-10, and Secretary of War, 1813-14. At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Armstrong was commissioned Brigadier General; he was so confident that the British would not attack Washington, DC, that he did not provide for the city's defense and was subsequently blamed when it was captured.
John E. Calhoun of Fort Hill, SC, was a cousin of John Caldwell Calhoun (1782-1850).
From the Collection of William Wheeler III.
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