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Sale 2504 Lot 5
AUGUSTA SAVAGE (1892 - 1962)
Plaster painted dark brown, circa 1929. 229x146x111 mm; 9x5 3/4x4<3/8> inches. With the artist's signature incised, verso.
Provenance: private collection, New York (1992); private collection, New York (1999).
An iconic image of the Harlem Renaissance in sculpture, this excellent example of Gamin has the fine modelling and sensitivity that made this work so celebrated. Savage made smaller versions of Gamin after her life-size plaster and subsequent bronze. A similar cast is in the collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC.
Recent research has established the identity of the subject of Gamin. The Smithsonian American Art Museum located a May 1940 article in the Chicago Defender referencing the model as Savage's "little nephew" who had come to live with his aunt in Harlem after his home in Florida was damaged by a hurricane. Curator Jeffreen M. Hayes, organizer of the exhibition Augusta Savage: Renaissance Woman at the Cummer Museum, Jacksonville, further demonstrates that the model was her nephew. In the Augusta Savage Papers, the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Hayes found the following Savage quotation in a 1935 interview with the Federal Art Commission: "I bought some materials, set a dry goods box on the living room table, stood my nephew alongside the table, and worked practically all night, till we were both exhausted."
Gamin was a turning point in Savage's career. Theresa Leininger-Miller describes how Gamin brought Savage success at the end of the 1920s. Out of 10 works on display at Harlem's 135th Street branch of the New York Public Library, Charles Russell Richards, the art director of the General Education Board of New York, singled out Savage, recognizing Gamin as a significant work. Romare Bearden and Harry Henderson explain how two Harlem businessmen, Eugene Kinckle Jones, of the National Urban League, and John E. Nail, father-in-law of James Weldon Jones, also singled out Gamin for acclaim. Daniel Schulman also notes how the sculpture helped Savage win the first Rosenwald Fund fellowship ever awarded to a visual artist in May of 1929 - the president of the Rosenwald Fund Edwin Embree even ordered a cast of Gamin for himself. Gamin was illustrated on the cover of June issue of the magazine Opportunity that year. Hayes p. 69; Leininger-Miller pp. 178-179; Bearden/Henderson p. 172; Schulman pp. 52-54.
Estimate $20,000 - 30,000